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Table of Contents
Table Of Contents
It’s important to understand how perspective works. With that in mind, I recommend that everyone start by reading chapters 1 through 5 of the book, preferably in order. Perspective is a lot more than a collection of recipes and techniques that help you draw specific objects a certain way. Once you understand how perspective works, you’re better able to think through the problems that your specific drawing presents.
Once you’ve developed a solid foundation as to how everything works, learning the lessons in the remaining chapters gets a lot easier. If you’re new to perspective, you should probably go through the book in order. If you have some experience with the subject matter, feel free to approach the remaining chapters in any order you like.

Click on each chapter heading below to find out more.

Image Map
   Acknowledgments / Introduction
   The Approach of This Book
   Who This Book Is For
   Some Advice
   What Perspective Can and Can’t Do for You
   The Creative Process – Getting from A to Z

        Clarify Your Goals
        Getting Ideas
        Line Drawing
        Value Studies
        Color Studies
        Final Image
   Getting the Most out of Perspective
        It’s All About Looks
   Approaching Your Work

        Working Digitally
        Working Traditionally
   Create Space Any Way You Can
        Creating Space through Shape
        Creating Space through Value
        Creating Space Through Form
   The Three Rules of Perspective
        Rule One - Convergence
Rule Two - Diminution
        Rule Three Foreshortening
   How Perspective Works
   The Vocabulary of Perspective

        Ground Plane
        Eye Level
        Horizon / Horizon Line
        Picture Plane
        Ground Line / Horizontal Measuring Line
        Station Point
        Line of Sight / Distance Line
        Center of Vision
        Cone of Vision
        True Height Line / Vertical Measuring Line
   Seeing It All Together
   How We See
   The Cone of Vision

        Drawing Outside the Cone of Vision
Placing the Cone of Vision in the Setup
        Station Point, Cone of Vision, and Picture Plane
   Finding the Cone of Vision Based on Your Image Area
        Working for Film, Animation, and Photography
Making a Drawing or Painting
   More Vocabulary
   Setting Up Your Forms

        One-Point Perspective
        Two-Point Perspective
        Three Point Perspective
   Drawing in Perspective
   Before You Begin

        Why a Cube and not a Box?
   About the Diagrams
   Drawing a Cube in One-Point Perspective
   Drawing a Cube in Two-Point Perspective
   Drawing in Three Dimensions
   Before the Basic Forms – The Anatomy of a Square

        Dividing a Square or Rectangle
   The Basic Forms
        The Cube or Box
The Pyramid
The Cone
The Cylinder
The Sphere
   Three Ways to Use a Grid
        Sketching Grids
        Transfer Grids
        Measuring Grids
   Perspective Is Made for Measuring
   All We Need is a Horizon Line
   Using Scale for Faraway Vanishing Points
   Transferring Scale in Space
   Multiplying in Perspective
   Dividing in Perspective
   Transferring Height Anywhere
   Transferring Horizontal Scale
   Using the Measuring System to Transfer Scale

   The Hardest Line Is a Well Drawn Curve
   Understanding Ellipses
   Defining a Circle In Perspective
   How to Draw an Ellipse
   Horizontal Plane Ellipses
   Vertical Plane Ellipses
   Vertical Ellipses Can’t Keep a Secret
   Plotting Ellipses – Give Me Points!
   Dividing a Circle In Perspective
   Creating Inclined Planes Using the Basic Forms
Adding to a Form
        Removing From a Form
   Inclined Planes from a Vertical Vanishing Line
   Buildings on a Hill
   Intersecting Slopes

Entering and Exiting a Form
        Intersecting Equally Inclined Planes
        Intersecting Unequally Inclined Planes
   Seeing What the Mirror Sees
   Seeing Beyond the Reflective Surface
   The Two Kinds of Reflections

Parallel Reflections
        Angular Reflections
   Shadow Setup Basics
   Thinking about Light
   The Four Shadow Types in Perspective

Positive Sun
        Parallel Sun
        Negative Sun
Indoor Light
   Drawing the Four Shadow Types
   Shadow Cutouts and Floating Objects
   Shadows on Vertical Planes
   Shadows of Sloping Objects
   Cylinders and Spheres Cast Shadows Too

   The Mechanics of Three-Point Perspective
   Creating the Three-Point Setup

Finding the Center of Vision
        Finding the Three Lines of Sight
        Establishing the Station Points
        Finding the Cone of Vision
        Finding the Measuring Points
   Setting Up the Measuring System
   Setting Up a Grid in Three-Point Perspective